Israeli occupation forces blocked these Palestinian farmers from harvesting their olive crop in the


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Fifty years of occupation have pushed the Palestinian financial system into de-development and poverty

EMBARGO
The contents of this press unlock and the similar Report will have to no longer be quoted or summarized in the print, broadcast or digital media sooner than
12 September 2017, 21:00 Geneva Time

UNCTAD/PRESS/PR/2017/026
Geneva, Switzerland, (12 September 2017)
​This yr marks the 50th anniversary of the Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, together with East Jerusalem. It is the longest occupation in fresh historical past. For the Palestinian other people, these were 5 a long time of de-development, suppressed human possible and denial of the proper to advancement. There is not any finish in sight, in step with this yr’s record on UNCTAD help to the Palestinian other people.

The record signifies that occupation has hollowed out the agricultural and industrial sectors and weakened the talent of the financial system of the Occupied Palestinian Territory to compete at house and in a foreign country. With only one in 5 5 hectares of cultivable land applied and greater than 9 out of 10 hectares missing irrigation – in addition to an import ban on appropriate fertilizers, and different restrictions through Israel – agricultural output shrank through 11 consistent with cent, and the sector’s percentage in gross home product (GDP) fell from 3.4 to two.9 consistent with cent between 2015 and 2016.

The indisputable fact that, as of late, actual GDP consistent with capita in the Occupied Palestinian Territory is at the identical stage as in 1999 is a transparent indication of the human value and misplaced financial possible ensuing from occupation. Economic enlargement in all sectors is constrained through the lack of land and sources to Israeli settlements and the annexation of land in the West Bank. The state of affairs is additional exacerbated through restrictions on the import of very important inputs, which escalate manufacturing prices, depress funding and set the financial system onto a trail of top unemployment and fashionable poverty. This seems to be set to proceed in 2017.

Extreme early life unemployment is a danger to the long run of the Palestinian other people
In 2016, unemployment in the Occupied Palestinian Territory was once at 27 consistent with cent, and better nonetheless in Gaza, at 42 consistent with cent. These figures can be even larger if discouraged staff who now not take part in the labour drive have been incorporated. The record emphasizes that, except present tendencies are reversed, unemployment will irritate, consistent with capita source of revenue will fall, Food lack of confidence will deepen and poverty will additional building up, compounding the possibility of political crises fuelled through additional financial decline.

Since the onset of occupation, top ranges of unemployment in the Occupied Palestinian Territory have pressured Palestinians to hunt paintings in Israel and settlements, underneath bad and discriminatory stipulations, regularly with insufficient well being and protection provisions. The record notes that with out such jobs, unemployment in the West Bank can be at round 40 consistent with cent, no longer a lot better than the stage in Gaza.

The record sheds gentle on the extraordinarily top fee of unemployment amongst early life elderly 15–29: 27 consistent with cent in the West Bank and 56 consistent with cent in Gaza in 2016. Palestinian early life unemployment charges are the best possible in the area. These charges don’t keep in mind the 6 out of 10 younger individuals who have dropped out of the labour marketplace and are now not searching for employment nor attending college. This marginalization of younger other people discourages funding in schooling, lowers the accumulation of human capital and deprives the financial system of possible marketers and artistic thinkers. Youth unemployment must be accorded particular consideration from Palestinian policymakers and their advancement companions, the record recommends.

Settlements proceed to extend
The record notes that the United Nations Security Council, in its answer 2334, followed on 23 December 2016, reiterates its call for that Israel stop all agreement actions in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. However, in 2017, Israel has intensified the enlargement of settlements and introduced plans to construct extra housing devices. This comes on best of the indisputable fact that in 2016, housing development in settlements was once 40 consistent with cent upper than in 2015 and at the 2nd best possible stage since 2001.

In fresh years, inhabitants enlargement in settlements has no longer most effective surpassed inhabitants enlargement in Israel but in addition that of the Palestinian inhabitants. The settler inhabitants has greater than doubled since the Oslo Accords in 1993 and 1995, and these days stands at between 600,000 and 750,000. Moreover, in 2016, Israeli government demolished the best possible collection of Palestinian buildings in the West Bank since 2009. This incorporated the destruction of donor-funded humanitarian help buildings, with harm carried out to shelters, tents, water cisterns, animal barracks and different fundamental buildings for survival and the upkeep of livelihoods.

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1 thought on “Israeli occupation forces blocked these Palestinian farmers from harvesting their olive crop in the”

  1. Torture and other ill-treatment
    Israeli soldiers and police and Israel Security Agency officers subjected Palestinian detainees, including children, to torture and other ill-treatment with impunity, particularly during arrest and interrogation. Reported methods included beatings, slapping, painful shackling, sleep deprivation, use of stress positions and threats. No criminal investigations were opened into more than 1,000 complaints filed since 2001. Complaints of torture and other ill-treatment by the Israeli police against asylum-seekers and members of the Ethiopian community remained common.

    In December the Israeli High Court of Justice accepted the Attorney General’s decision not to open a criminal investigation into Asad Abu Ghosh’s torture claims despite credible evidence, thus condoning the continued use of stress positions and sleep deprivation against Palestinian detainees by Israeli interrogators.

    Unlawful killings
    Israeli soldiers, police and security guards killed at least 75 Palestinians from the OPT, including East Jerusalem, and five Palestinians with Israeli citizenship. Some of those killed were shot while attacking Israelis or suspected of intending an attack. Many, including children, were shot and unlawfully killed while posing no immediate threat to life. Some killings, such as that of Yacoub Abu al-Qi’an, shot in his car by police in Umm al-Hiran in January, appeared to have been extrajudicial executions.

    Excessive use of force
    Israeli forces, including undercover units, used excessive and sometimes lethal force when they used rubber-coated metal bullets and live ammunition against Palestinian protesters in the OPT, killing at least 20, and injuring thousands. Many protesters threw rocks or other projectiles but were posing no threat to the lives of well-protected Israeli soldiers when they were shot. In July, in response to the tensions over Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif, the authorities killed 10 Palestinians and injured more than 1,000 during the dispersal of demonstrations, and conducted at least two violent raids on al-Makassed hospital in East Jerusalem. In December, wheelchair user Ibrahim Abu Thuraya was shot in the head by an Israeli soldier as he was sitting with a group of protesters near the fence separating Gaza from Israel.

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